Glaucoma Awareness Month: Self-care methods to avoid Glaucoma severity | Health

glaucoma is a collection of eye diseases that cause gradual but progressive damage to the optic nerve (the link between the brain and the eye). This then causes the visual field to gradually shrink, which can eventually develop into complete blindness. The vision loss Glaucoma is irreversible if left untreated because the optic nerve cannot regenerate after being destroyed, unlike other common causes of vision loss (such as cataracts). ), in which total vision can usually be fully restored.

“Glaucoma can affect anyone, and as people get older, their risk increases. The disease is more likely to affect people with a family history of the condition, who wear glasses. nearsightedness (or previously worn but had surgery to remove them), or had eye injury in the past. Other risk factors include things like too high blood pressure and prolonged use of steroid eye drops,” said Dr Sandeep Buttan, Technical Lead for Eye Health and Health Systems Enhancement at Sightsavers India said. (Also read: Glaucoma Awareness Month: Ayurvedic Measures to Improve Eye Health )

He added: “As a rule, glaucoma runs in families. Recognize a family history of eye disease in your family. The risk may need to be tested more often if it is higher. The rest of the family (brothers, sisters and children) should have an eye exam to rule out any early disease if a family member has had glaucoma before.”

Talking about the symptoms, Dr. Sandeep explains: “There may be no signs or symptoms of eye problems in the early stages of glaucoma. Symptoms are non-specific such as headache, watery eyes, and watery eyes. Eyes or seeing colored auras may or may not be present in some people Regardless of any eye symptoms, everyone over the age of 40 should have an annual glaucoma screening. Glaucoma treatment options may include eye drops, laser therapy, eye surgery, or a combination of these, depending on the type and stage of the disease.This condition requires monitoring and follow-up. Lifelong follow-up because it is a chronic disease All forms of glaucoma treatment primarily work to stop the optic nerve from further damage; they cannot reverse the damage already caused. go out.”

Dr. Sandeep Buttan suggests self-care methods that can help you identify glaucoma in its early stages, which is essential to prevent vision loss or slow its progression.

first. Have a routine, extensive eye exams

Regular, complete eye exams can help identify glaucoma in its early stages before serious damage occurs. As a general rule, if you’re under 40, we recommend a comprehensive eye exam every 5 to 10 years; if you are 40 to 54 years old, every two to four years; if you are 55 to 64 years old, every one to three years; and if you’re over 65, every one to two years. You’ll need more frequent checkups if you’re at risk for glaucoma.

2. Know your family history of eye disease

As a rule, glaucoma has a familial nature. If your risk is higher, you may require more frequent screening. The rest of the family (siblings and children) should have an eye exam to rule out any early disease if a family member is diagnosed with glaucoma.

3. Regular drops as prescribed

The chance that glaucoma can develop into glaucoma can be greatly reduced with glaucoma eye drops. Even if you don’t have symptoms, you still need to take the eye drops your doctor prescribes every day for them to be effective. In addition, a thorough commitment to a follow-up program is required to monitor disease progression. Always let your eye doctor know if you are taking any other systemic medications so they can change the timing and dosage to avoid affecting the effectiveness of your treatment.

4. Avoid using over-the-counter eye drops

Avoid using over-the-counter eye drops for a long time without consulting your eye doctor first. If used for a long time without proper supervision, certain eye drops (steroids) can increase intraocular pressure. Always get the advice of your eye doctor before using any eye medication and only take it as directed.

5. Always use eye protection.

Glaucoma also develops from damage to the eye. When using power tools or participating in high-speed racket sports on closed courts, wear eye protection.

Although the only method for diagnosing glaucoma is at the earliest stage before any major vision loss occurs through a thorough yearly eye exam.

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