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Why enemies Lebanon and Israel are talking now


At its heart is the gas-rich Karish field east of the Mediterranean Sea, which Israel plans to begin exploiting.

United States Geological Survey estimated in 2010 that the Levantine basin could hold up to 1.7 billion barrels of recoverable oil and 122 trillion cubic feet of gas. For comparison, that would make the basin’s gas reserves about 7% Russian reservesthe world’s largest.

Orna Mizrahi, a senior research fellow at Israel’s Institute for National Security Studies, said in a press conference with reporters on Sunday that the main problem preventing a deal between the two sides was “change of in the Lebanese position” on where the maritime border lies. Israel and Lebanon lie.

What is the current Lebanon-Israel dispute?

The crux of the dispute is actually over the maritime economic boundary between the two countries, and how the border extends from the land border of Lebanon and Israel.

For many years, the disputed area covered about 860 square kilometers, with Lebanon claiming its maritime border was to the south of Israel’s claim. Below those borders, the Karish field lies within an area claimed by Israel.

But recently, Lebanon revised its original maritime boundary claim, moving it further south and adding about 1,400 square kilometers more than it originally claimed, according to Mizrahi. The sub-zone includes the part of the Karish field where Israel is conducting expeditions.

Why has this dispute flared up until now?

On June 5, when London-based oil and gas exploration company Energean arrived on behalf of Israel to begin development of Karish, Lebanon argued that the field should not be developed until the conclusion of negotiations to delimitation of maritime boundaries.

Why are these conversations important?

Struggling with a crippled economy and a fragmented government, Lebanon desperately needs new sources of revenue from oil and gas exploration, while Israel wants to position itself as a new supplier of natural gas to Europe instead. for Russia. Defining the boundary would allow both sides to exploit the resources of the Mediterranean without facing legal obstacles or the threat of possible military confrontation.

“Lebanon, more than Israel today, needs this deal,” said Lebanese energy expert Laury Haytayan, adding that the deal would also provide security to Israel, allowing it to explore and exercise. without running into “permanent escalation” with Lebanon.

What is the current state of the negotiations?

The The United States proposed a compromise solution to create an S-shaped maritime economic boundary between the two countries. Under the proposal, all of Karish would go to Israel, while most of Qana, another potential commercial gas field, would go to Lebanon.
US mediator Amos Hochstein said in an interview with Al-Hurra TV is based in the US that a proposal Lebanese officials presented to him would allow the talks to “move forward.”

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Around the area

Sultan al-Mutlaq al-Dawis (R), of the National Council for Culture, Arts and Literature of Kuwait, accompanied the Egyptian ambassador to Kuwait Osama Shaltout (L) during the handover ceremony of the five artifacts at Egyptian Embassy in Kuwait City on June 16.
Egypt on Thursday retrieved five pharaonic artifacts smuggled out of the North African nation that were seized by Kuwaiti customs in 2019, says State news agency MENA.

The artifacts are statues of Egyptian pharaohs, including Amenhotep III and Amun-Ra, as well as the ancient Egyptian god Horus. Among them is also a stone mural.

Three of the artifacts date from 1400 BC, indicating Kuwait News Agency, adding that this is the second time Kuwait has returned the stolen artifact to Egypt. In 2018, the Gulf state returned a wooden coffin to Egypt.

Antiquities theft and smuggling increased in Egypt after the 2011 uprising, which saw relics stolen from museums as well as through illegal excavations. The North African country has been working hard to locate and retrieve its stolen treasures.

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A visitor looks at a 1644 handwritten copy of



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