Your Monday Briefing: COP27 Begins

The United Nations’ 27th annual climate talks, known as COP27, began yesterday. Top of the agenda for developing countries is funding for losses and damages: Who will pay the cost of a warming world?

For them, loss and damage is a matter of justice. They face irreversible destruction and want rich nations – inherent emitting half of all heat-trapping gases since 1850 – to compensate them.

Wealthy nations dare not admit fault. The US and EU are concerned that such compensation could turn into unlimited liability. Last year, rich nations vowed to provide $40 billion a year by 2025 to help poorer nations adapt, but one UN report It is estimated that this amount is less than one-fifth of the needs of developing countries.

In fact, one frequently cited research It is estimated that developing countries could suffer between $290 billion and $580 billion in annual climate losses by 2030, even after adaptation efforts. Those costs could rise to $1.7 trillion by 2050.

Text definition: Egypt, host and Pakistan, lead the group of 77 developing and recovering countries devastating floodsput the matter on the official agenda for the first time.

India: Hundreds of millions of people in the north are suffering from some of the worst air pollution in years. Last week, toxic air has demanded school closures and traffic restrictions in New Delhi and beyond.

Africa: Gabon, known as the Eden of Africa, is one of the continent’s major oil producers. But it realizes that fossil fuels won’t last forever. So the officials turned to the rainforest for profit, and at the same time take strict measures to preserve it.

Russia: World leaders friendly to Russian President Vladimir Putin, bought Russian coal, oil and gas, helped finance his war, and stalling the climate process.

India is trying to play a more muscular role in geopolitics. It has maintained good relations with both Russia and the West and played an important role in resolving the grain blockade and demanding that Russia stop shelling Ukraine’s Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant, two crises. great panic.

Now, diplomats and foreign policy experts are wondering if India can use its unique leverage to broker peace. The country’s foreign minister will travel to Moscow to meet Russian officials on economic and political issues this week. But the Ukrainians and the Russians still don’t want to talk.

And escalating tensions are testing India’s tightening action. It continues to buy Russian oil, angering Ukraine and the West, and has refuse support UN resolutions condemn Russia. However, at a summit in September, Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India, told Vladimir Putin that “Today there is no war. “

What’s next: Peace building could bring India closer to its long-awaited prize – a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council.

A 3-year-old boy in China died of carbon monoxide poisoning after Covid restrictions prevented him from being taken to the hospital in time. The case has renewed public scrutiny of the country’s “zero Covid” policy.

When the boy’s father contacted the emergency hotline after four attempts, the dispatcher told him that because he lived in a “high-risk” area, he could only seek medical advice online. line. He was reprimanded by officials for not wearing a mask when he sought help.

Bringing his son, he tore down some of the fences erected around his neighborhood and hailed a cab. Almost two hours after he first called for help, he took his son to the hospital – less than a 10-minute drive from their home. The boy died shortly after they arrived.

Reaction: A video of the boy being given CPR went viral on social media and sparked widespread protests.

Censorship: Tuo blog post request for an official explanation of his son’s death was deleted after going viral.

Maxine Angel Opoku is the only one of Ghana openly transgender musician. Her songs found new audiences after Congress introduced a bill to jail gay or transgender people. But now, she fears for her safety.

“Every day is dangerous for me,” she said. “I can’t walk the streets like a normal person.”

Haast, a town in New Zealand, has less than 100 people. It is isolated, even by New Zealand standards: The nearest hospital is four hours away and the school has only eight students.

When the country’s Ministry of Conservation first posted for the “biological diversity monitor” job, only three people applied. No one qualified, so the deadline was extended. Things, a New Zealand newspaper, picked up the story – the job in paradise that no one wanted – and it went viral. Applications were submitted from 1,383 people in 24 countries.

“It’s a funny story, but to me, one that says something about how the world sees New Zealand: as an opportunity to escape,” my colleague Natasha Frost wrote.

The super-rich see it as a “bolt hole,” insulated from the threat of nuclear war or a pandemic. But New Zealanders, Natasha writes, are quick to acknowledge their home in all its complexities: A place of stunning natural beauty and strong indigenous heritage, but rife with deep inequality , housing problems and poverty.

Read Her full reflection on New Zealand’s divided identity: “meme country” and reality.

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